Why you should care about inclusive design

Venice: a prime example of a problem addresses with inclusive design

Venice has been defined as the worst accessible city in the world. With more than 100 islands connected by more than 400 bridges. It is in nearly impossible to walk from the train station to get to some miracle show you there you can see beautiful pages, this one, double bridges, multiple bridges five in the same time, many bridges, a lot of bridges.

When we don’t care about disability

Stefano shared: “When we develop and we don’t care about disability, normally, we follow the steps to start the project: We develop the project mobile application or websites. We do the testing unit test integration, testing UI testing just before the release. Then someone in the room raises their hand and says ‘Hey, what about disability?’ It’s definitely an effort thought

The persona spectrum

Persona spectrums were developed by Kat Holmes for Microsoft Design. Microsoft defines inclusive design as a design methodology that enables and draws on the full range of human diversity. Persona spectrums certainly contribute to this goal by creating variations of personas. These variations help reveal a wider variety of goals and pain points by examining how motivations change when a certain contextual element shifts — whether that change is permanent, temporary, or situational.

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  • In USA, they are only 26 K people with one arm
  • But there are 13 million with an arm injury
  • and 8 million new parents (who are often living one-handed due to holding a child)

Key tools for web accessibility: a critical component of inclusive design

The WCAG.21 Web Content Accessibility Guidelines covers a wide range of recommendations for making Web content more accessible. Following these guidelines will make content more accessible to a wider range of people with disabilities, including accommodations for blindness and low vision, deafness and hearing loss, limited movement, speech disabilities, photosensitivity, and combinations of these, and some accommodation for learning disabilities and cognitive limitations; but will not address every user need for people with these disabilities.

  1. PerceivableInformation and user interface components must be presentable to users in ways they can perceive.
    This means that users must be able to perceive the information being presented (it can’t be invisible to all of their senses)
  2. OperableUser interface components and navigation must be operable.
    This means that users must be able to operate the interface (the interface cannot require interaction that a user cannot perform)
  3. UnderstandableInformation and the operation of user interface must be understandable.
    This means that users must be able to understand the information as well as the operation of the user interface (the content or operation cannot be beyond their understanding)
  4. RobustContent must be robust enough that it can be interpreted reliably by a wide variety of user agents, including assistive technologies.
    This means that users must be able to access the content as technologies advance (as technologies and user agents evolve, the content should remain accessible)

Global Accessiblity Awareness day

In May Italy held Accessibility Days 2020, a yearly event that aims at raising awareness on accessibility and disability issues for software developers, designers, makers, content editors, and many others involved in digital technologies.

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